Italian Journal of Mycology <strong>Italian Journal of Mycology – ISSN 2531-7342</strong> is a peer reviewed journal founded in 1972 by Gilberto Govi and Gabriele Goidanich as "Micologia italiana" (Italian Mycology). It was established at the University of Bologna, and it is organ of the “Unione Micologica Italiana”. Since 2015 it is an open access journal. DISTAL - Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna en-US Italian Journal of Mycology 2531-7342 <p>Copyrights and publishing rights of all the texts on this journal belong to the respective authors without restrictions.</p><div><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a></div><p>This journal is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a> (<a href="">full legal code</a>). <br />See also our <a href="/about/editorialPolicies#openAccessPolicy">Open Access Policy</a>.</p> A new species of <em>Agaricus</em> (section <em>Sanguinolenti</em>) from Rome, Italy <p>We report the finding of an <em>Agaricus</em> specimen in the section <em>Sanguinolenti</em> and describe it as a new species <em>Agaricus hortusdamarum</em>. Based on ITS data, the species is distinct and well separated from all known sequenced species within this section. The type specimen grew in late autumn, under <em>Cupressus</em> s<em>empervirens</em>, near a <em>Pinus</em> <em>pinea</em> alley in the Villa Borghese Gardens in Rome, in Italy. The new species is phylogenetically close to <em>Agaricus</em> <em>iranicus</em>, a rare species of temperate climate, which is so far described only in the Guilan province in Iran. Its morphological characters and phylogenetic pattern are described and divergence from <em>A</em>. <em>iranicus</em> is discussed.</p> Amalia Ferretti Irja Saar Arnold Knijn Copyright (c) 2022 Amalia Ferretti, Irja Saar, Arnold Knijn 2022-02-21 2022-02-21 51 1 10 10.6092/issn.2531-7342/13464 Mucormycosis in COVID-19: modifiable risk factors and its mitigation in India <p>While combating the second wave of COVID-19, India has now been afflicted by another epidemic caused by mucormycosis, a life-threatening opportunistic infection. Due to their immune-suppressed status, COVID-19 patients in India are now more likely to develop mucormycosis during or after treatment. Uncontrolled diabetes, irrational use of steroids, as well as the severity of COVID-19 can all contribute to the growth of mucormycosis. Risk mitigation strategies that could be used to control the rise of mucormycosis-related COVID-19 patients should be evaluated. The purpose of this article is to explore the modifiable risk variables that are involved in the medical management of COVID-19 patients, as well as the mechanisms through which they raise the risk. This overview also includes a brief discussion of mycology and how the disease pattern varies depending on the regions of the body affected. In this article, we detailed about the early detection and treatment of mucormycosis in COVID-19 patients.</p> Sherin Mary Shaji Sadagoban Gopal Krishnamoorthy Swathi Swaroopa Borra Copyright (c) 2022 Sherin Mary Shaji, Sadagoban Gopal Krishnamoorthy, Swathi Swaroopa Borra 2022-02-21 2022-02-21 51 11 22 10.6092/issn.2531-7342/13627 The phylogenetic analysis of Armenian collections of medicinal tinder polypore <em>Fomes fomentarius</em> (Agaricomycetes, Polyporaceae) <p>The medicinal tinder polypore <em>Fomes fomentarius </em>is widely distributed in all floristic regions of Armenia on different woody substrates. The phylogenetic analysis of Armenian collections using ITS barcoding revealed that it is taxonomically complex species represented by sublineages A2 and B2 (in ratio 1:1) of European phylogenetic lineages A and B, which correspond to two cryptic sympatric species <em>F. fomentarius</em> <em>sensu stricto</em> and <em>F. inzengae</em>, respectively. These species are phylogenetically almost equidistant from <em>Fomes fasciatus</em> by the level of nucleotide divergence (6.75% and 7.17%, respectively). Nucleotide divergence between these two species is 1.85% which does not exceed the average level of intraspecific ITS variability in basidiomycetes fungi (3.33%). It is suggesting that <em>F. fomentarius</em> <em>s.s.</em> and <em>F. inzengae</em> are possibly not taxonomically separate species, but sympatric cryptic subspecies of <em>F. fomentarius sensu lato</em>. Both taxa significantly differ by their ecology and distribution: <em>F. fomentarius</em> <em>s.s.</em> is mainly found on <em>Betula</em> spp<em>.</em> trees and widespread in temperate forests, while <em>F. inzengae </em>has been recorded on <em>Carpinus </em>sp.,<em> Fagus </em>sp.,<em> Populus </em>sp. and other deciduous trees in subtropical latitudes. In Armenia, <em>F. fomentarius</em> <em>s.s.</em> was found on <em>Fagus </em>sp. and<em> Quercus </em>sp., while <em>F. inzengae</em> - on <em>Carpinus </em>sp.,<em> Juglans </em>sp.,<em> Fagus </em>sp.,<em> Populus </em>sp., and <em>Salix </em>sp. trees. Although the species rank of Mediterranean subtropical species<em> F. inzengae</em> remains disputable it has been originally described for the mycobiota of Armenia.</p> Susanna Badalyan Elena Zhuykova Victor Mukhin Copyright (c) 2022 Susanna Badalyan, Elena Zhuykova, Victor Mukhin 2022-05-17 2022-05-17 51 23 33 10.6092/issn.2531-7342/14474 Mycobiome characterization of “Ghimisone”, a Sardinian ancient barley sourdough traditionally used in Sardinia for making “Ogliathu” bread <p>The sourdough is a biological complex matrix consisting of yeasts and lactic acid bacteria, derived from the spontaneous fermentation of the native microorganisms normally present in flour. In Italy, the microbiota of several hundred sourdoughs have been characterized at molecular and functional level and some of them have received the Protected Designation of Origin Annotation (PDO) or Protected Geographical Indication (PGI). Also in Sardinia, until the ‘50s, the barley carasau bread was produced using a sourdough named Ghimisone. The importance of keeping regional traditions alive and scientific curiosity have led to this work in which the mycobiota of Ghimisone was investigated for the first time. Three types of Ghimisones have been set up using flours of barley, naked barley, and a mixture of naked barley and “black lentil” of Calasetta. The mycobiota from these sourdoughs were investigated using independent molecular culture identification. Twenty different fungal species were found. The results were unexpected and showed that the mycobiome of Ghimisone is different from all other sourdoughs known in the literature. The diversity in the mycobiome of Ghimisone compared to known sourdoughs might suggests different nutritional and aromatic characteristics of its derived barley bread.</p> Federico Lai Angelica Lai Roberta De Bellis Davide Sisti Lucia Potenza Copyright (c) 2022 Federico Lai, Angelica Lai, Roberta De Bellis, Davide Sisti, Lucia Potenza 2022-05-23 2022-05-23 51 34 46 10.6092/issn.2531-7342/14241 Pharmacological and therapeutic value of bamboo mushroom <em>Phallus indusiatus</em> (Agaricomycetes) <p>Various wild mushrooms have been appreciated as a source of food and medicines from centuries. Although wild mushrooms were formerly utilised on a modest scale, people now favour mushrooms as a source of nutritious or healthy food. Pharmaceutical scientists have discovered many therapeutic ingredients from these mushrooms. Since few decades researchers have confirmed the therapeutic implications of such mushrooms and similar under-utilized food. <em>Phallus indusiatus</em> Vent. is one of such mushrooms which well accepted by researchers as a source of bioactive compounds. It is synonymously known as <em>Dictyophora indusiata</em> (Vent.) Desv. It is also possible to evaluate the therapeutic roles of different bioactive compounds extracted from<em> P. indusiatus</em>. Most of them have great healthy benefits such as antioxidant and antimicrobial activity, immunomodulatory, organoprotective and anticancer effects. Due to the outstanding healthy benefits and therapeutic value various molecules from <em>P. indusiatus</em> have been studied in recent years.</p> Mallika Mazumder Somnath Roy Anup Kumar Sarkar Copyright (c) 2022 Mallika Mazumder, Somnath Roy, Anup Kumar Sarkar 2022-08-03 2022-08-03 51 47 57 10.6092/issn.2531-7342/14666