A new approach in the monitoring of the phytosanitary conditions of forests: the case of oak and beech stands in the Sicilian Regional Parks

Cinzia Rizza, Silvia Scibetta, Antonella Pane, Federico Maetzke, Donato Salvatore La Mela Veca, Sebastiano Cullotta, Giovanni Granata, Federico La Spada, Francesco Aloi, Roberto Faedda, Santa Olga Cacciola

Abstract


The objective of this study was to investigate the health conditions of oak and beech stands in the three Regional Parks of Sicily (Etna, Madonie and Nebrodi). A total of 81 sampling areas were investigated, 54 in oak stands and 27 in beech stands. The phytosanitary conditions of each tree within the respective sampling area was expressed with a synthetic index namely phytosanitary class (PC). Oak stands showed severe symptoms of decline, with 85% of the sampling areas including symptomatic trees. In general, beech stands were in better condition, with the exception of Nebrodi Park, where trees showed severe symptoms of decline. On oak trees, infections of fungal pathogens were also observed, including Biscogniauxia mediterranea, Polyporus sp., Fistulina hepatica, Mycrosphaera alphitoides and Armillaria sp. By contrast, on beech trees Biscogniauxia nummularia, Fomes fomentarius and Neonectria radicicola were recognized. Furthermore, twenty-two permanent sampling areas were delimited with the aim of monitoring regularly the health conditions of forests in these three parks.

Keywords


oak; beech; forest stand; phytosanitary class; Sicily; permanent sampling areas

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DOI: 10.6092/issn.2531-7342/6343

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Copyright (c) 2016 Cinzia Rizza, Silvia Scibetta, Antonella Pane, Federico Maetzke, Donato Salvatore La Mela Veca, Sebastiano Cullotta, Giovanni Granata, Federico La Spada, Francesco Aloi, Roberto Faedda, Santa Olga Cacciola

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