The onset of occupational diseases in mushroom cultivation and handling operators: a review

Barbara Ficociello, Eva Masciarelli, Laura Casorri, Angelo Cichelli, Giovanni Pacioni


The paper presents a review on health hazards involving operators that cultivate and handle mushrooms. Intensive production of edible and medicinal fungi is a common agricultural management all over the world and involves a number of operators whose health must be safeguarded due the number of risks. Growth techniques and environmental conditions for producing and handling mushrooms expose workers to several types of allergens that possibly cause occupational diseases. Namely, mushroom workers suffer from allergic pulmonary diseases and, more rarely, from forms of contact dermatitis. The cause of these clinical manifestations may be found in the exposure to several factors, such as the peculiar production conditions leading to the presence of many allergens (bacteria, moulds, mycotoxins, endotoxins) and the direct contact of workers with some fungal species, which are themselves allergens.


antigens; bacteria; mycotoxins; hypersensitivity pneumonitis; contact dermatitis

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DOI: 10.6092/issn.2531-7342/9409


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